A BIT OF SEDAN HISTORY:
When the sale numbers on the two place private airplane market began to drop, Aeronca decided to enter the race with a new, 4-seat design. It was called the 15AC Sedan. In order to keep the engineering and production cost low and to have the plane quickly available on the market, the strategy was to use as many parts as possible that were already at hand from the previous, 2-seat models. The Sedan would eventually be sold for only $4395!
1948 Sedan, NC1054F, © Gareth Gilson
The 15AC prototype first flew in 1947. Production began in in the following year. In 1948, the Sedan was also tested on EDO 2000 floats and certified as a seaplane, called the S15AC Sedan. In spite of the C-145 engine's modest 145 hp for float operation, the S15AC proved to be a dependable, rugged and easy to maintain seaplane. Between 1948 and 1951, a total of 561 Sedans were built. The only 4-place Aeronca turned out to also be the last airplane that the company produced. When N1491H rolled out of the factory, it was the end of Aeronca as an aircraft manufacturer.
S15AC, N1261H, over Fort Gibson Lake, OK, © Gene Barton
Would you believe, that, while Aeronca produced those 561 Sedans, within only 4 years, it took Airbus Industries 35 years, from 1972 until 2007, to build the exact same number of Airbus A300?! Well, ok, they are a little bigger....
Airbus A300B, © Airbus Industries
The Sedan as a record setter! During the postwar years, when many former military airfields were abandoned, two cities - Yuma in New Mexico and Fullerton in California - both with air force fields employing large numbers of their citizens, discovered the airplane as a means for propaganda. They used Sedans, the "Sunkist Lady" and the "City of Yuma", to set flight duration records: 1008 (42 days) and 1142 hours (47 days) aloft! This caught the US people's and the politicians' attention. The message was simple: "Save our airports and jobs!" It worked: Flight operations continued on both airfields which were later converted for civilian use and presently still are in use!
Sunkist Lady, ©?
Today, an estimated 260 Sedans are still airworthy and flying. Most of them in Alaska, where they are used as bush planes, some on floats and some with more powerful engines. Quite a few are based in the lower 48 states. Only a handful has left the USA. Some to South America. Here in Europe, there are only six, with a single one of them currently flying. They are G-AREX (flying in the UK), EI-BKC and N915TC - former HB-ETC - (both being restored in Ireland), EI-BJJ (stored in Ireland and in need of a rebuild), HB-ETB (being restored in Germany) and our N1331H (being restored in Switzerland).
HB-ETC (now N915TC), © Emil Röllin
THE SEDAN'S CONSTRUCTION:
While the Sedan's fuselage and stabilizers are of conventional steel tube, wood and fabric construction, utilized on all the earlier Aeronca models, the wing is all metal with a single spar. The ailerons are built up of aluminum ribs and then covered in fabric, though. At the time, this was quite a diversion from the previous Aeronca standard of fabric covered wood and metal construction throughout the entire aircraft.
All Metal Wing Construction
THE SEDAN'S DIMENSIONS AND TECHNICAL DATA:
Wingspan: 37'6" (11,43 m)
Length: 25'3" (7,70 m)
Height in 3-point-attitude: (2,13 m)
Height in level attitude: (3,15 m)
Number of seats: 4
Empty weight: (535 kg)
Useful load: (395 kg)
Maximum take-off weight: (930 kg)
Fuel capacity: (2x 68 liters)
Click on drawing below to enlarge...
Sedan Top View
The smooth-running 6-cylinder Continental C-145 (or O-300) powerplant used on the Sedan delivers 145 hp. An STC for a 4-cylinder Lycoming O-360, 180 hp upgrade is available from Burl's Aircraft
in Chugiak, Alaska. For this modification the original engine cowl is replaced by a fiberglass Piper Cherokee cowl.
THE SEDAN'S PERFORMANCE:
Click on table below to enlarge...
Excerpt from Aircraft Flight Manual
THE SEDAN'S FLIGHT CHARACTERISTICS:
The NACA 4412 airfoil section, combined with a huge wing surface, provides high lift and STOL (Short Take-Off and Landing) capabilities, while limiting the cruising speed to a moderate 105 mph. Ask any Sedan pilot and he or she will praise its arrow-like, stable flight characteristics and docile handling.
The Beauty Of Flight, © Emil Röllin
All photos on this website © Matthias Sieber, unless otherwise stated.